People with disabilities have the right to equal treatment regardless of whether they have a disability certificate or not. At the same time, a person caring for a disabled child or another family member must not be treated unequally.
The Equal Treatment Act defines disability as the loss or abnormality of the anatomical, physiological or psychic structure or function of a human being, which has a significant and lasting adverse effect on the performance of daily activities.
Understanding of what a disability is and who a disabled person is have been different at different times. Today, the approach according to which disability is not a single person’s health problem, but disability and its perception depends equally on the surrounding environment, has become prevalent. Public transport, buildings and their furnishings can help a person with a disability to cope on their own, or vice versa, can be a major obstacle in their daily lives and create a gap between opportunities for disabled people and other people.
It should also be remembered that disability may change in time. For example, partial healing may occur as a result of surgery or the like. The disease that caused the disability may also get worse. Regardless of the nature of the disability, the condition of the disabled person is periodically screened in Estonia. The purpose of such screening is primarily to determine whether a person’s need for outside assistance has increased or decreased.
If you did not find an answer to your concern, you may contact the Estonian Commissioner for Gender Equality and Equal Treatment in a free format by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. When contacting the Commissioner, the identity of the person shall not be disclosed and, upon request, anonymity shall be guaranteed.